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英语含有量词的句子有哪些

时间:2024-04-22 20:35104 人浏览举报
相关标签: 句子

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主要看句子的主语和谓语。主语如果是复数代词we,you,they,these,those或有复数名词(通常有s词尾),句子就是复数。主语如果含有both...and...,句子就是复数。

......谓语部分,如果助动词是are,have,were,*do,或谓语动词是be的are形式,句子就是复数。

......关于这个问题,最好还是看看语法书上有关主谓语的一致问题。

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主谓语的一致:1、主语和谓语基本保持单复数的一致,即:主语是可数名词单数或不可数名词时,谓语动词用单数形式:The computer was a great invention. The water in the glass is very cold.

2、集体名词(如family, class, team, group, row, police, school等)做句子主语时,

① 如果表示整体概念,则谓语用单数形式,如:Class Three is a very good class.

② 如果表示其中的所有成员时,则谓语用复数形式,如:Class Three have a map of China.

3、Chinese,Japanese,fish,sheep,people等表示单个时谓语用单数,表示许多时,谓语用复数。如:

There is a sheep in the yard. / There are some sheep in the yard.

4、maths,news等虽然有s结尾,但不是复数,因此谓语仍用单数:The news is very exciting.

5、glasses,shoes,socks,trousers,gloves等名词往往用复数形式,故谓语用复数。如:

The trousers are very cheap and I want to take them.

6、a lot of 后跟名词复数时谓语用复数形式,跟不可数名词时谓语用单数形式。如:A lot of students are playing baseball now. A lot of time was wasted on that work.

7、and 连接两个名词做主语时,谓语原则上用复数,但是两个名词若构成一个整体事物时,谓语则用单数。如:The teacher and his son are picking apples now. Fish and chips is very famous food.

8、 there be 句型中be的单复数一般由靠近的名词决定。如:There is a table and four chairs in the room.

9、用both…and…连接两个事物做主语时,谓语一般用复数。如:Both you and I are required to be here tomorrow.

10、主语中含有with的短语时,谓语单复数由with之前的人物决定。如:A woman with a 7-year-old child was standing at the side of the road.

11、either…or…或者 neither…nor…连接两个人物做句子主语时,谓语采用就近原则。如:Either you or he is right. / Neither you nor I am going there.

12、表示一段时间或长度概念的复数名词做主语时,谓语一般用单数。如:Two months is not a short time. Two thousand kilometers is quite a long distance(距离).13、主语中含有half of… / (three quarters)of… / all (of) the ….等词语时,谓语的单复数由名词确定,如:Over three quarters of the information on the Internet is in English. / A third of the students were playing near the lake. / All of the water in these rivers has been polluted.population一词又有特殊情况: What’s the population of China? / Three quarters of the population in this city are Arabs(阿拉伯人).

1.A

few

students

failed

in

the

exam.有几个学生考试不及格。2.Quite

a

few

students

went

there

earlier.相当多的学生很早就去了那里。3.Some

students

live

in

the

dorms

.一些学生住学校宿舍。4.Many

students

can

operate

the

computer.许多学生会操作计算机.5.Too

many

students

waste

time

on

TV.太多学生把时间浪费在看电视上。6.Most

students

ride

bikes

to

school.大多数学生骑自行车去上学。

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