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关系副词的句子有哪些

时间:2024-05-29 01:13135 人浏览举报
相关标签: 句子

关系副词(when、where、why)引导的定语从句,它们后面的句子主干完整,只缺状语,它们都可以等于介词 which。也就是说关系副词和关系代词可以相互转化,二者的选择主要看该关系词在从句要充当的句法成分。

1、When

指时间,在定语从句中作时间状语。其先行词是表时间的名词(如time, day, week, month, etc.)。但并非先行词为"时间名词",就用when引导。当关系词充当定语从句的状语时,用when;当关系词充当主语或者宾语时用which或that 引导。

I still remember the day when my brother joined the army.(作状语,when可以转化为on which)

I still remember the days which/that we spent together. (作spent的宾语)

2、Where

指地点在定语从句中作地点状语。其先行词是表示地点的名词(如place, school, room, etc.)。同理,先行词是"地点名词"时,定语从句可用where引导,还可用which/that引导,取决于该引导词在从句中的成分。

This is the factory where he worked last year. (作状语, where可以转化为in which)

This is the park which/that they visited last year. (作visited的宾语)

3、Why

指原因在定语从句中作原因状语, 先行词通常为reason。同理,先行词为表原因的名词时,还要根据引导词在从句中成分决定用why还是which/that。

The reason why he didnt come to school was that he was ill(作状语).

I dont believe the reason (that/which) he gave me. (作give的宾语)

He asked me the reason that can explain my success. (作explain的主语)扩展资料

关系副词when,where和why可以用介词 which的形式替换。1、when=介词 whichI will never forget the day_____ we met for the first time.

解析:先行词是the day,后面的从句恢复到完整句为:we met for the first time on the day.on the day作状语用关系副词when代替,如果用介词 which,就改成on which。答案为when或on which。

2、where =介词 whichThis is the farm______ we worked when we were young.

解析:先行词是the farm,后面的从句恢复到完整句为:we worked on the farm when we were young. on the farm可以用关系副词where代替,如果用介词,就改成on which。

3、why= for which

I dont know the reason ______he did it.

解析:先行词是the reason,后面的从句恢复到完整句为:he did it for the reason. for the reason可以用关系副词why代替,如果用介词,就改成for which。

关系代词和关系副词是在定语从句中的.(在句子中做句子成分.关系代词通常做主语或者宾语;whose除外,做定语.

关系副词做状语).不可省略.

先看下面

关系词:引导定语从句的关联词成为关系词

关系词有关系代词和关系副词。关系代词有that,

which,

who,

whom,

whose,

as等;关系副词有where,

when,

why等。

关系词常有3个作用:1,引导定语从句。2,代替先行词。3,在定语从句中担当一个成分

在主语从句和表语从句中的,连接词一般包括(连词

,连接代词,连接副词),可以在句子中句子成分.可做主语,宾语,和状语,并且不可省略..翻译时还不可以翻译为疑问词.

主语从句中的连词有

that

.whether.

连接代词有what.whatever.who

.whoever等

连接副词有when

where

how

why

等.

在表语从句中,连词有that

whether

连接代词有

who

which

what

连接副词有when

where

how

why

在不同的从句中,词语的称呼不一样的.可能有相同的,但是作用不一样,意义也不同

关系代词有who,whom,whose,that,which,as等,可用作引导从句的关联词。

它们在定语从句中可作主语、表语、宾语、定语等;另一方面它们又代表主句中为定语从句所修饰的那个名词或代词(通称为先行词)。

如: He is the man whom you have been looking for. 他就是你要找的那个人。

关系副词

1.关系副词兼有副词与连接词两种作用。 2.关系副词所引导的形容词子句用于修饰主要子句中的某一名词或代名词,被修饰的词称作先行词,关系副词要放在先行词之后。 3.关系副词主要有四个,即when, where, why, how。此外the也可作关系副词引导副词子句。 Would you please tell me the way how I can get to the zoo?

你能告诉我去动物园的路吗?

the way是先行词。 This is the place where(that) I first met her.

这是我第一次见到她的地方。

在口语中that可以充当关系副词,代替when, why, how,只有先行词是the place时,才可代替where。 AWhen should we start to work?

BThe sooner (we start), the better (it will be).

我们该开什么时候应始工作? 越早越好。

the作关系副词是引导副词子句,句子结构一般为The 比较级... the 比较级...,第一个the是关系副词。 4.time,day,year,place,house,reason,way等作先行词时可以被省略,其后的子句不再是形容词子句,而变成名词子句或副词子句。 中文这是他出生的地方。

This is where he was born.

where he was born是名词子句。

This is the place where he was born.

where he was born是形容词子句。 中文我将在第一次见到她的地方见她。

Ill meet her at the place where I first met her.

where I first met her是形容词子句。

Ill meet her where I first met her.

where I first met her是副词子句。 5.关系副词有限定用法,指的是关系副词引导的形容词子句只修饰先行词。 We were very happy in those days when we studied in school.

我们在学校里上学的那些日子里很快乐。 6.关系副词有补述用法,即关系副词引导的是对等子句而不是形容词子句,主要用于对主要子句中的不足之处加以补充,前面都要加逗点与主要子句分开。 Tom got married the day before yesterday, when it was his birthday too.

汤姆前天结婚了,那天也是他的生日。 7.wherever,whenever,however是复合关系副词,表示"不论",引导一个修饰主要子句里的动词的副词子句,可加强语气或表示让步。

【参见关系形容词】 Wherever he goes, he would bring an umbrella with him.

不论他去那里,他都带着一把雨伞。

18.3 判断关系代词与关系副词 方法一: 用关系代词,还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。及物动词后面无宾语,就必须要求用关系代词;而不及物动词则要求用关系副词。例如:This is the mountain village where I stayed last year.Ill never forget the days when I worked together with you.判断改错(注:先显示题,再显示答案,横线;用不同的颜色表示出。)(错) This is the mountain village where I visited last year.(错) I will never forget the days when I spent in the countryside.(对) This is the mountain village (which) I visited last year.(对) Ill never forget the days (which) I spent in the countryside.习惯上总把表地点或时间的名词与关系副词 where, when联系在一起。此两题错在关系词的误用上。方法二: 准确判断先行词在定语从句中的成分(主、谓、宾、定、状),也能正确选择出关系代词/关系副词。

例1. Is this museum ___ you visited a few days age?A. where B. that C. on which D. the one

例2. Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held.A. where B. that C. on which D. the one

答案:例1 D,例2 A例1变为肯定句: This museum is ___ you visited a few days ago.

例2变为肯定句: This is the museum ___ the exhibition was held. 在句1中,所缺部分为宾语,而where, that, on which都不能起到宾语的作用,只有the one既做了主句的表语,又可做从句的宾语,可以省略关系代词,所以应选D。 而句2中, 主、谓、宾俱全,从句部分为句子的状语表地点,既可用副词where,又因 in the museum词组,可用介词in which 引导地点状语。而此题中,介词on 用的不对,所以选A。关系词的选择依据在从句中所做的成分,先行词在从句中做主、定、宾语时,选择关系代词 (who, whom, that, which, whose); 先行词在从句中做状语时,应选择关系副词 ( where 地点状语,when 时间状语,why 原因状语) 。

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